Read/Write Image using Java

In this tutorial I will show you how you can read and write an image using Java. There are several kinds of image formats such as JPEG, GIF, PNG, BMP, TIFF etc. Java has built-in Image I/O API in javax.imageio package and it can be used to load external image formats into its BufferedImage formats. By default, Image I/O supports image formats such as JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, WBMP. It can also be extensible to support additional image formats for TIFF and JPEG 2000.

Image I/O recognises the contents of the file as a JPEG format image, and decodes it into a BufferedImage which can be directly used by Java 2D.

Image can be load or read using following code snippets, where imagePath is the full path with image name from where the image can be read.

try {
  BufferedImage bufferedImage = ImageIO.read(new File(imagePath));
} catch (Exception e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}

Image can be write using the following code snippets, where bufferedImage is the BifferedImage object you got using ImageIO.read() from the above code, format is the output image format, file is the new File() object created using image full output path with image name.

try {
	ImageIO.write(bufferedImage, format, file);
} catch (Exception e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}

You can save the below sample image for reading and writing using Java programming language.

read/write image using java

The following class where I have written whole source code using Java.

package com.roytuts.java.read.write.image;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.ImagingOpException;
import java.io.File;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

public class ImageReadWrite {

	private static final String IMAGE_EXT_JPG = "jpg";
	private static final String IMAGE_EXT_JPEG = "jpeg";
	private static final String IMAGE_EXT_PNG = "png";
	private static final String IMAGE_EXT_GIF = "gif";
	/**
	 * Exception message to be thrown when allowed image types are not read
	 */
	public static final String IMAGE_ALLOW_TYPES = "Image types allowed - " + IMAGE_EXT_JPG + IMAGE_EXT_JPEG
			+ IMAGE_EXT_PNG + IMAGE_EXT_GIF;

	/**
	 * @param args
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		/**
		 * Read the image, Desert.jpg, from Desktop/Pictures
		 */
		BufferedImage bufferedImage = readImage("Desert.jpg");
		/**
		 * Write to the image file, DesertOutput.jpg, to desktop
		 */
		boolean isSuccess = writeImage(bufferedImage, "DesertOutput.jpg", IMAGE_EXT_JPEG);
		/**
		 * Show success or failed message
		 */
		if (isSuccess) {
			System.out.println("Image successfully written.");
		} else {
			System.out.println("Image writing failed.");
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Read image and return BufferedImage imageFullPath - full path of the image
	 * with image file name
	 */
	public static BufferedImage readImage(String imageFullPath) {
		BufferedImage bufferedImage = null;
		try {
			if (imageFullPath == null) {
				throw new NullPointerException("Image full path cannot be null or empty");
			}
			/**
			 * Check if the selected file is an image
			 */
			boolean isImage = isFileAnImage(imageFullPath);

			if (!isImage) {
				throw new ImagingOpException(IMAGE_ALLOW_TYPES);
			}

			String imagePath = imageFullPath;

			/**
			 * get BufferedImage and return it
			 */
			bufferedImage = ImageIO.read(new File(imagePath));
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return bufferedImage;
	}

	/**
	 * Write to the image file bufferedImage - image outputPath - where image has to
	 * be written fileName - output file name with extension format - output image
	 * file format
	 */
	public static boolean writeImage(BufferedImage bufferedImage, String fileName, String format) {
		boolean isSuccess = true;
		if (bufferedImage == null || format == null) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException();
		}
		try {
			File file = new File(fileName);
			/**
			 * write BufferedImage to a file
			 */
			ImageIO.write(bufferedImage, format, file);
		} catch (Exception e) {
		}
		return isSuccess;
	}

	/**
	 * Check a file is an image imageName - image file name with extension
	 */
	public static boolean isFileAnImage(String imageName) {
		if (imageName == null) {
			throw new NullPointerException("Image full path cannot be null or empty");
		}
		File imageFile = new File(imageName);
		String ext = getFileExtension(imageFile);
		if (IMAGE_EXT_GIF.equalsIgnoreCase(ext) || IMAGE_EXT_JPEG.equalsIgnoreCase(ext)
				|| IMAGE_EXT_JPG.equalsIgnoreCase(ext) || IMAGE_EXT_PNG.equalsIgnoreCase(ext)) {
			return true;
		}
		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Get file extension from the file
	 *
	 * @param file - file
	 */
	public static String getFileExtension(File file) {
		if (file == null) {
			throw new NullPointerException("Image file cannot be null");
		}
		String name = file.getName();
		int lastDotIndex = name.lastIndexOf(".");
		if (lastDotIndex > 0 && lastDotIndex < (name.length() - 1)) {
			return name.substring(lastDotIndex + 1).toLowerCase();
		}
		return "";
	}

}

 
That’s all. Hope you got an idea how to read/write image using Java.

Source Code

Download

Thanks for reading.

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